JUDARNAS SPRÅK  1932  STIG BENDIXON

 

Nina Langlet courtesy Yad Vashem

SWEDEn

SWEDEn

 

In 1782 an ordinance was issued (juderegelemente) - due particularly to efforts of the prominent Liberal Anders Chydenius - by which Jews were restricted to reside in one of four towns: Stockholm, Gothenburg, Norrköping.

 

To these was added the town of Landskrona, as a Jew had established there a factory for the manufacture of sails and naval uniforms. They were not permitted to trade in markets elsewhere or to own property.

 

Jews were ineligible for government positions and election to Parliament. They were forbidden from converting Lutherans to the Jewish religion. (All Swedes were born into the Lutheran church until the separation of church and state in 2000.)

 

See article here.

Den mångfrestande och vittsvävande drottning Christina, vars livliga sinne ständigt drev henne att söka sig nya vänner bland Europas stora män inom kulturens alla områden, försummade därvid ej heller judarna. Drottningens intresse för vetenskap och litteratur förmådde henne även att till Sverige inkalla sådana framstående män som Cartesius och Salmasius, under det hon samtidigt brevväxladé med den ryktbare rabbinen Manasse Ben Israel i Amsterdam, — en av det judiska folkets märkesmän på det andliga området.

 

Den lärde rabbinen förstod icke blott att tolka Talmuds sanningar för sitt folk utan ägde även förmågan att under mera poetiska former uttrycka sina tankar på judarnas gamla språk. Vid Christinas kröning författade Manasse Ben Israel sålunda en hyllningsdikt på hebreiska, däri han allegoriskt skildrade hennes lycka och vishet såsom den lärdaste bland drottningar. 

Les artikkelen her

Drottning Christina (1626–1689)

Charles XIII & II also Carl, Swedish: Karl XIII (7 October 1748 in Stockholm – 5 February 1818 in Stockholm), was King of Sweden (as Charles XIII) from 1809 and King of Norway (as Charles II) from 1814 until his death.

In 1680 the Jews of Stockholm petitioned the King that they be permitted to reside there without abandoning their creed, but the application was denied because the local consistory had refused to endorse it.

 

On December 3, 1685, Charles XI ordered the governor-general of the capital to see to it that no Jews were permitted to settle in Stockholm, or in any other part of the country, "on account of the danger of the eventual influence of the Jewish religion on the pure evangelical faith." In case Jews were found in any Swedish community, they were to be notified to leave within fourteen days.

THE JEWISH ORDINANCE OF 1782

Anders Chydenius

JUDARNA PÅ SVENSK MARK

Norbert Masur